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Types of Glaucoma Treatment

Many treatments for glaucoma are intended to lower or control intraocular pressure (IOP). The type of glaucoma treatment needed will depend on the type of glaucoma, extent of the disease and response to treatment. Getting glaucoma treatment early is important, as this eye disease can damage the optic nerve and result in permanent blindness. The first line of glaucoma treatment is typically eye drops. Common medications include prostaglandins, beta-blockers and alpha-adrenergic antagonists. Prostaglandins work by relaxing the eye muscles to allow for fluid flow and reduce IOP. Popular FDA-approved prostaglandins include Lumigan, Xalatan and Travantan Z. Beta-blockers are often prescribed in combination with prostaglandins. These drugs open a channel to allow more aqueious fluid to drain out of the eye thus allowing the eye pressure to lower. Examples of beta-blockers include Betoptic S and Timoptic XE. Common side effects with these drugs include itching and bloodshot eyes. About half of those with glaucoma require more than one type of medication to control IOP.

Surgery may be recommended for some patients with glaucoma. Laser trabeculospasty is often performed for open-angle glaucoma. During this surgery, tiny burns are made in the trabecular meshwork to improve fluid damage. Most patients will need to continue to take glaucoma medications after laser trabeculosplasty. Laser iridotomy is the surgical procedure for closed-angle glaucoma. With this procedure, a tiny piece of the iris is removed to allow for drainage of aqueous fluid. In a trabeculectomy, a small opening is made in the eye to release fluid. After a trabeculectomy, most patients no longer need to take glaucoma medications for 3-4 years per application.

Decatur Eye Center: Your Optometrist in Decatur

Decatur Eye Center is your optometrist in Decatur who diagnoses and treats patients with glaucoma. Our optometrists use advanced diagnostic equipment for eye imaging to detect glaucoma early on. If glaucoma is detected, eye drops or eye surgery may be recommended. In addition, our optometrists provide nutritional counseling for glaucoma. Good nutrition and supplements can help prevent and stop the progression of glaucoma. Antioxidants stabilize free radical molecules and help inhibit disease promotion. Vitamins A, and D along with Omega 3 fats also help promote good ocular health. And that is why Decatur Eye Center recommends taking Cod Liver Oil. Adjunctive therapy of glaucoma may also include Coenzyme Q10 bilberry and ginkgo biloba extract.

We highly recommended an eye and vision exam on an annual basis. If glaucoma is detected, early treatment yields the best results. If it’s time for an eye exam, give us a call at 940-627-2020 to schedule an appointment.


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